Copper Naphthenate is an oil-borne wood preservative classified as general use by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). Copper Care Wood Preservative’s Tenino, and Cu-Nap concentrate products are EPA-registered “general use” preservatives and have been standardized for use by the American Wood Protection Association (AWPA). Creosote and pentachlorophenol are used in pressure treatment for utility poles, bridge timbers and railroad crossties. Copper naphthenate is the only non-restricted use product in this market. Copper naphthenate has a low mammalian toxicity profile.